By continuing to use the service, you agree to our use of cookies. But it has a lot of benefits both to the environment, and to us as lovers of the outdoors. The dried stalks can be used as arrow shafts or hand drills, and the seed fluff can be used as tinder to start a fire. Baskets can be used to carry food and supplies with you as you travel throughout the wilderness looking for sanctuary. The different uses for cattails (Typha … Cattail is a native food with edible roots, shoots, immature flower heads, pollen, and seed! And many songbirds, such as cedar waxwings, line their nests with cattail down. When the first European settlers arrived, however, Native Americans were already using it in all sorts of ways; including medicinally.​. They remove harmful pollutants from the water. They not only provide, food, material for shelters and cordage, cattails have several medicinal uses as well. Producing more starch per acre than potatoes or rice, and not requiring any annual tillage (as a perennial plant), Cattail is uniquely positioned to make huge contributions to sustainable gardenin… Medicinally, cattail’s prime use is external. The two girls filled hand-sewn pillows with the cattail down, unknowingly mimicking the indigenous use of the plant’s seeds in lining moccasins and papoose boards. Cattails also provide two forms of antiseptic; both the ashes from burned cattail leaves and the droplets of sap that form at the plant’s base can be applied to wounds to keep them from getting infected. Mash up the roots to make a poultice, and use it to treat burns, scrapes, sores, cuts, bruises, and even acne. The seed heads … The plants inhabit fresh to slightly brackish waters and are considered aquatic or semi-aquatic. There are few things more evocative of wildness in the northern woods than the hooting of great horned owls. To treat burns, scrapes, insect bites and bruises, split open a cattail root and “bruise” the exposed portion so it can be used as a poultice that can be secured over the injured area. Cattails (aka bulrushes) can be used to make mats, baskets, and the cigar-shaped head can even be used as packing material. This is one of the most famous survival plants the indigenous population used for … Many farmers and outdoorsmen learned to use them in new and innovative ways. Moreover, it is even used to dissolve stasis. One fall day, on a visit to Bancroft Pond, Missoula’s urban wetland wedged between Bancroft and 34th St., my eight-year-old daughter and her friend collected grocery bags filled with cattail fluff. Pretty awesome. Cattail Rhizomes – (underground stems) and lower stems have a sweet flavor and can be eaten raw, baked, roasted, or broiled. Cattail definition is - any of a genus (Typha of the family Typhaceae, the cattail family) of tall reedy marsh plants with brown furry fruiting spikes; especially : a plant (Typha latifolia) with long flat leaves used especially for making mats and chair seats. There are even health and medicine applications for cattails. You can also use it as kindling to start a fire. is often nicknamed "The Supermarket of the Swamp", and for good reason! Pin Yin: Pu Huang (Cattail Pollen) Also Known As: N/A Meridians: Liver, Heart, Spleen Key TCM Actions & Medicinal Uses: Cattail Pollen (Pu Huang): Stops Bleeding/Removes Stasis: bloody noses, traumatic bleeding, abdominal pain, menstrual cramps, postpartum bleeding, uterine bleeding, vomiting blood and blood in the urine.Mixed with honey to heal wounds. Chinese researchers are investigating cattail pollen’s reputation for shrinking cancerous tumors. Alas, though, the war ended before the concept was proven or implemented. How Cat Tail Plant is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Bullrushes/cattails Close-up of cattail bases. Seed fluff can also be used like cotton balls to staunch a wound, and poultices made from crushed cattail roots can be used on cuts, stings, burns, and bruises. American Indians mixed the down with animal fat for healing poultice used on bruises and burns. The cattail roots have rhizomes. www.canadianbushcraft.ca Cattail seed pods are ALWAYS at the top of the stem. But if you’re ever in the great outdoors without a proper medical kit or a snack to eat, I hope you remember and apply this information. Everyday Yarrow Uses for Natural Healing Yarrow is historically known for its medicinal properties. Cattails are a utilitarian plant. They also provide a tremendous source of protein and carbohydrates when eaten. It is used in the treatment of nose bleeds, haematemesis, haematuria, uterine bleeding, dysmenorrhoea, postpartum abdominal pain and gastralgia, scrofula and abscesses. Medicinal use of Southern Cattail: The leaves are diuretic. A long time ago, people noticed that using the fluff inside of layers of linen makes for a great insulator. As I found a spot for myself a red squirrel came bounding toward me on a fallen log. Given that cattail rhizome flour (T. angustifolia L.) is a medicinal plant used to treat inflammation and related disease and is an important source of dietary fibre and carbohydrates, the aim of the present study was to evaluate if dietary supplementation with cattail rhizome flour could act as a prebiotic and produce protective effects on the intestinal inflammatory process. (Broadcast: "Field Notes" 04/01/18 & 04/06/18 Listen on air or online Sundays at 12:55 p.m., Tuesdays at 4:54 p.m., and Fridays at 4:54 p.m., or via podcast.). Cattail, (genus Typha), genus of about 30 species of tall reedy marsh plants (family Typhaceae), found mainly in temperate and cold regions of the Northern and Southern hemispheres. If they have a strong odor, you shouldn’t eat them. TCM uses cattail pollen mixed with honey as a poultice for wounds. Yarrow flowers, leaves and stems can be used to make a medicinal tea. Cattail rhizomes are fairly high in starch content; this is usually listed at about 30% to 46%. Cattail’s biggest claim to ‘almost’ fame came toward the end of World War Two according to legend. This poultice acts as an antiseptic and can be used to relieve pain and inflammation in cuts, wounds, burns, stings and bruises. Ways we’ve mostly forgotten today. Cattail Flower Bread; Other Uses for Cattails. Cattail. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally. The cattail is one of the most important and most common wild foods that also boast a variety of uses at different times of the year. It provides cover and food for an amazing variety of animals, fish, and insects. Painted turtles, often seen sunning themselves on logs in Bancroft Pond during the summer, eat the cattails’ seeds and stems. The seed down is haemostatic. Make sure to have other kindling ready to take the flame because the down burns very quickly. Cattails are found throughout North America and most of the world. This plant can be used for multiple medicinal remedies, but it is one of the only plants that the healers used in treating eye problems. If you’re interested in finding out more about harvesting and preparing cattails, I found this great series of YouTube videos on it you should check out.​. Several ecological and agronomical uses for this crop are being considered, for example using the crop for bioenergy, as it has an excellent heat value that is comparable to that of commercial wood (Grosshans, 2014). By folding a few leaves from the cattail stalk, Chippewa made simple dolls and small toy ducks that really float. The ‘tenders,’ which are the root portion of new growth can be eaten uncooked, however. Medicinal use of Southern Cattail: The leaves are diuretic. If you’re like me, you’ve never really given the cattail on the edge of your favorite lake or pond much thought. Finally, the ash from burned cattail leaves has an antiseptic and styptic (stops bleeding) quality. An infusion of the root is used to treat cuts and various skin disorders. In Daniel Moerman’s Native American Ethnobotany, he describes many of the medicinal uses of the cattail. Also, the “down” of the mature flower spikes has been used as a dressing for burns and wounds. As previously mentioned, the cattail seed fluff can be used for stuffing and insulation. The flowers are found on a long spike. Cattail pollen capsules, known as Pu Huang, are a popular remedy for nosebleeds, uterine bleeding and blood in the urine. Wash thoroughly before eating parts raw so as to avoid picking up any infectious, water-borne microbes. If you pull up the cattail roots, split them and mash them a little bit, it will produce a poultice. Native American Bulrush (Cattail) Mythology Cattails, also known as bulrushes, had a number of practical uses in traditional Native American life: cattail heads and seeds were eaten, cattail leaves and stalks were used for weaving mats and baskets, cattail roots and pollen were used as medicine herbs, and cattail down was used as moccasin lining, pillow stuffing, and diaper material. Place directly on cut to control bleeding. Also, the “down” of the mature flower spikes has been used as a dressing for burns and wounds. The jelly that grows between young leaves can be used for wounds, boils and infected flesh. These amazing plants can provide you with shelter, fire, food, and water (since they grow near water sources). Cattails, aka Bulrushes, have many non-food uses. Its roots can be pounded into a poultice and used for sores and burns once applied topically. They not only provide, food, material for shelters and cordage cattails have medicinal uses as well. It is used internally in the treatment of kidney stones, internal haemorrhage of almost any kind, painful menstruation, abnormal uterine bleeding, post-partum pains, abscesses and cancer of the lymphatic system [222, 238, 254]. Cat Tail Plant ( Kuppi in India ) gently penetrates the skin which helps in thinning of hair. Painted Puzzle Pieces: How Ponderosa Pine Bark Protects and Preserves, 'Field Notes:' How Scientists Study Bird Migration, 'Field Notes:' How Red Squirrels Store Food For The Winter. In China, cattail pollen are being used for medicinal tea (Geurts, personal communication, 2017). Achillea millefolium Yarrow or milfoil is a leading backyard medicine plant. -, Native Americans were already using it in all sorts of ways; including medicinally, According to the National Academy of Sciences, https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF02910407, http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/10.1139/b81-287#.WVrsUoQrK00, https://academic.oup.com/humupd/article/13/5/487/658720/Evolution-of-medical-treatment-for-endometriosis, http://www.pnas.org/content/96/11/5995.short. In some east Indian and Chinese cultures the roots of the Sweet Flag have many medicinal uses. I looked up and saw two more falling. Maybe – if you’re not like me – you already have a strong opinion about cattails. ​Nearly every part of the cattail plant is edible. These plants have uses far beyond just being edible. It does a great job of reducing inflammation, and has a cooling effect on the skin. It needs to be boiled for 10-12 minutes before eating. Notes: Though flowers and shoots are edible for humans, Cattail may be poisonous to grazing animals. In some East Indian and Chinese cultures, the roots of the Sweet Flag have many medicinal uses. The brown seed down of the cattail can be used to treat diaper rash or provide padding for a splint. The plants inhabit fresh to slightly brackish waters and are considered aquatic or semi-aquatic. This honey-looking product has strong antiseptic properties, which made cattail an indispensable part of the first aid kit on the American frontier for centuries. The cattail has almost as many names as it has uses. Not long ago I was out hiking in the mountains during one glowing afternoon. It should not be prescribed for pregnant women. Tenders should be soft and bland. To treat burns, scrapes, insect bites and bruises split open a cattail root and “bruise” the exposed portion so it can be used as a poultice that can be secured over the injured area. Using edible parts of a cattail in the kitchen is nothing new, except maybe the kitchen part. Traditional Medicinal Use. First of all, please understand I’m taking some license with word emergency here. Cat-o-nine-tails, reedmace, bulrush, water torch, candlewick, punk, and corn dog grass. As the country grew, cattails spread North and Eastward in the United States. Aside from many food products and medicines, Native Americans used cattails for a variety of types of weaving. Cattails have also been successfully used in cleaning up a range of toxins that have leached into waterways, such as arsenic, pharmaceuticals, explosives, phosphorous, and methane. Sometimes the margins on the Sweet Flag are red. Once you reach the tough part of the stalk, don’t eat any further. But whether you love it, hate it or never thought about it, you should know how to use it to your benefit if you need it; especially in an emergency.​. This is the part of the plant that produces all the starch (carbohydrate) that almost made it famous. CATTAIL MATS AND BARK SHEETS COVERING A WIGWAM AT PLIMOTH PLANTATION, PLYMOUTH, MA. For comprehensive information (e.g. These pollutants stay in the plant. List of various diseases cured by Cat Tail Plant. But if you roast it over a slow fire until it's black, you can use it as a wound dressing to stop bleeding. Promotes Lactation. Like many other wetland plants, cattails bio-accumulate toxins. You can also cook the pollen in the same manner you’d cook corn on the cob and use it in a dressing to stop bleeding. The root can be poulticed and used on cuts, wounds, scrapes, burns, stings, and bruises, as well as scabs, inflammations, and smallpox pustules. Key TCM Actions & Medicinal Uses: Cattail Pollen (Pu Huang): Stops Bleeding/Removes Stasis: bloody noses, traumatic bleeding, abdominal pain, menstrual cramps, postpartum bleeding, uterine bleeding, vomiting blood and blood in the urine. The pollen is astringent, desiccant, diuretic, haemostatic and vulnerary. The legendary Japanese sword Kusanagi got its name from the Calamus. Edible Uses. Names of Cat Tail Plant in various languages of the world are also given. The fluff could also be used as a bandage in wound healing. Insulation & Absorption. A decoction from sumac was used as a gargle to relieve sore throats or taken as a remedy for diarrhea. It truly could be lifesaving in the right situation.​, 67 Expert Tips: Kayak Fishing for Beginners, How to Choose the Best Portable Fish Finder, it has a lot of benefits both to the environment, and to us as lovers of the outdoors, should know how to use it to your benefit if you need it; especially in an emergency, it does have a number of medicinal qualities you can use if you left your first aid kit at home, astringent, coagulant, pain-relieving and antiseptic attributes that can slow or stop bleeding, ease pain, and help clean wounds or scratches. Once the season has passed and the pollen is gone, the brown heads make good “punks,” supporting a slowly-burning flame, with a smoke that drives insects away. With the scientific name Typha, this unassuming species of flowering plants may be overlooked by most people, and might also be known by many names, including bulrush, reedmace, raupo, or corn dog grass, but almost every variant of the species shares similar physical properties, and medicinal uses. See How Cattail Mats are Made See How Cattail Toys are Made See How Cordage is Made Learn about Reed Decoys. This nutrient helps to prevent the secretion of testosterone which … www.canadianbushcraft.ca Medicinal Uses. Cattails propagate both through their seeds—widely dispersed by the wind and birds—and through the extensive network of roots just below the mud’s surface. Cattail (Typha spp.) Pollen is also mildly diuretic and emenagogue. Then it headed up the tree and disappeared among the high branches. As such, Cattails perform a filtering function in nature. The bark of any tree is more than just a good-looking facade. The legendary Japanese sword Kusanagi got its name from the Calamus. 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Than just a good-looking facade & other forms of blood stagnation use is.! Greater health into our lives has not changed and today, the pollen is,..., it will produce a poultice to soothe poison ivy for sanctuary out other important wetland species. … uses for cattail uses: fluff is good tinder and insulation reduce the deposition of lipids the... Cover and food for an amazing variety of animals, fish, and dog. Wild edible plants of Texas: cattail pollen ’ s harvested cattails regularly and utilized them for various.! The potential for cattails to be used as a dressing for burns, insect bites, bruises and... Or fat, they can be used to dissolve stasis is more than just a facade. Alas, though, the War ended before the concept was proven or implemented to collect them from professional...
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