But Lady Jane Grey, the unfortunate Nine Days’ Queen, and her husband were neither so popular or lucky. Elizabeth proved herself circumspect and clever; she managed to admit nothing which would offend. Mary ordered that Elizabeth share her triumphal march through London. He was a conscientious and pious man who impressed all who met him with his discipline and work ethic. If Edward died without heirs, Mary would inherit the throne; if Mary died without heirs, Elizabeth would become queen. Lord Burleigh (then William Cecil) encouraged military, while Elizabeth, fearful of action as always, hesitated. Dudley wished to destroy the Seymour protectorship and seize power for himself. In this climate of rebellion and repression, Elizabeth’s life was in great danger. She even held her hand as they spoke. After he was executed for treason, Elizabeth experienced her first brush with scandal and had to endure rigorous investigation. From then on, the reunion between England and the papacy could begin in force. Their mutual faith was an important connection with the increasingly devout Edward. These were intercepted as well. She was accompanied by six of her ladies and two gentleman-attendants. As for Edward VI, he went along with the plan because of two main reasons: Elizabeth was illegitimate so there might be resistance to her rule and, as a princess, she might be persuaded to marry a foreign prince and England would fall under foreign control. She was committed above all else to preserving English peace and stability; her genuine love for her subjects was legendary. Although Elizabeth resisted calls to accuse and execute Mary at first, ultimately, she was persuaded by evidence that Mary had been party to the plots, not just an unwilling figurehead. The queen originally participated in Seymour’s early morning raids into Elizabeth’s room, where he would tickle and wrestle with the girl in her nightdress. Elizabeth herself arrived at the Tower just six weeks later, and her cousin’s fate must have weighed heavily on her mind. The queen’s bedroom was lit with flickering candlelight; the queen herself was half-hidden in shadow. The marriage was declared invalid and Elizabeth was then declared illegitimate, as her half-sister, Mary, had been, and reduced to the title of "Lady" instead of "Princess.". After a few weeks, her initial fear of Bedingfield had settled into a bemused appraisal of her jailer. However, if both mother and child died, then Elizabeth once again assumed prominence. He was the first non-royal Englishman given that title. Down the passageway from the door were three latrines which hung over the moat. She prides herself on her father and glories in him; everybody saying that she also resembles him more than the Queen does and he therefore always liked her and had her brought up in the same way as the Queen.’ the Venetian ambassador Giovanni Michiel describes Elizabeth; spring 1557. Elizabeth liked to give nicknames to her courtiers. It was simply impossible for Mary to forget the past, etched so acutely upon her spirit. Henry VIII had changed the course of his country's history in order to marry Anne Boleyn, hoping that she would bear him the strong and healthy son that Catherine of Aragon never did. On 1 October, Elizabeth rode to Mary’s coronation with Henry VIII’s discarded fourth wife, Anne of Cleves. Edward’s ministers, especially after the Seymour affair, were careful with her. "Queen Elizabeth I: Biography, Facts, Portraits & Information" https://englishhistory.net/tudor/monarchs/queen-elizabeth-i/, January 31, 2015, Copyright © 1999-2020 All Rights Reserved.English HistoryOther Sites: Learn Web Development, The Right to Display Public Domain Images, Author & Reference Information For Students, https://englishhistory.net/tudor/monarchs/queen-elizabeth-i/, Letter of Anne of Cleves to her husband, King Henry VIII 11 July 1540, Sidney Colvin John Keats Biography Chapter VI, John Keats: Critical Opinion – ‘The Quarterly Review’, The Road to Bosworth & Battle Of Bosworth Field, The coronations of King Henry VIII & Katharine of Aragon, 1509. But she was never openly passionate about religion, recognizing its divisive role in English politics. The presence of her strong and balanced rule facilitated this. She sent Elizabeth away amicably enough and a week later poor Bedingfield was relieved of his duties. Their two parties entered London together, the sisters riding side by side. That night she summoned her few servants and asked them to pray for her, ‘For this night,’ Elizabeth said, ‘I think to die.’, She did not die, of course, but she was still frightened and lonely. She was not as bloody, as vile or as hate-filled as monarchs that went before, but her reign was steeped in controversy and she divided pinion. After her death, Seymour’s position became more dangerous. The queen waited for her at Whitehall but they did not meet immediately. Renard had urged Mary to execute Jane and imprison Elizabeth so that Philip would be safe in England. 1501-1536): The Union That Sparked Reformation, Beheaded. However, Elizabeth had enough popular support that she would not face death at her sister’s orders. Queen Elizabeth I (1533 – 1603) ruled over England and Ireland for a period of 44 years and 127 days, making her the ninth longest reigning British monarch. And so Elizabeth’s birth was one of the most exciting political events in 16th century European history; rarely had so much turmoil occurred on behalf of a mere infant. After finishing, she carefully drew lines throughout the rest of the blank sheet so no forgeries could be added, and she signed it ‘I humbly crave but one word of answer from yourself. They got on tolerably well, and Bedingfield even forwarded her numerous letters to the Council and the queen. But Elizabeth had other ideas. He planned to marry Jane and Edward, thus securing primary influence with his nephew. Since Mary was a Catholic, and Dudley a Protestant who had benefited materially from the Reformation, he was necessarily more friendly to Elizabeth. When it was finally sent, written in Bedingfield’s hand from her dictation, it was a typically shrewd and pointed document. As a result, Elizabeth was educated as well as any legitimate prince, and she displayed a genuine love and aptitude for her studies. During her brother Edward’s reign, she lived the life of a wealthy and privileged lady – and apparently enjoyed it immensely. She was occasionally interrogated by members of Mary’s council, but she held firm to her innocence. She was taken to the Bell Tower, a small corner tower beside Brydges’s own lodgings. Accordingly, Philip wrote to Mary and advised that Elizabeth be set at liberty. He lacked charisma and confidence; he preferred to bully and bluster his way through council meetings. The contrast between their physical appearances could not have been more striking. But Dr Owen was busy tending to Queen Mary and told Bedingfield that his charge must be patient. It was here she would receive her sister as queen. Mary rode to East Anglia, the conservative section of England where her support would be strongest. Elizabeth’s decision to adopt Protestantism earned her condemnation from the pope, who gave permission for her subjects to disobey and even kill her. Toward the very end of Elizabeth’s long reign, national problems began to grow. Ascham and her other tutors were famous Cambridge humanists who supported the Protestant cause. After the execution, Elizabeth claimed that the warrant was dispatched against her wishes; whether that was true or not is unknown. Two weeks later, the most powerful members of the council appeared to chide her for not submitting to the queen’s authority; she was told to admit her past wrongdoing and seek the queen’s forgiveness. She impresses people even today and her name has become synonymous with strong women. She had been released into the care of Sir Henry Bedingfield, a Catholic supporter of Queen Mary whose father had guarded Katharine of Aragon during her last years at Kimbolton Castle. England’s Protestant religion put it at odds with neighboring Catholic Spain and, to a lesser extent, France. He knew, too, that the Protestant faith was still popular in the country, and that Elizabeth embodied its greatest hope. He was not given a trial; a messy execution was always best passed by a Bill of Attainder. The main house was in such disrepair that Elizabeth was lodged in the gatehouse. At 9 o’clock in the morning, Elizabeth was taken from her rooms and through the garden to where the barge waited. Mary’s heartache was soon worsened by the impending departure of Philip. The next week passed with no word from anyone. Elizabeth I - the last Tudor monarch - was born at Greenwich on 7 September 1533, the daughter of Henry VIII and his second wife, Anne Boleyn. Elizabeth refused to allow their examination; she preferred to commit her body to God rather than to the eyes of strangers, she told Bedingfield. Henry married Jane just twelve days after Anne’s execution and his long-awaited son, Prince Edward, was born in October 1537. Elizabeth, Mary believed, was never to be trusted. 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